What is Personalized Medicine?
Personalized or precision medicine is a healthcare model that customizes treatment to the needs of each patient.
Traditional medicine often relies on a standard of care that is geared toward an entire patient population. For example, patients with the same symptoms may be prescribed a standard antibiotic used to eradicate a suspected infection.
One patient may respond to the antibiotic, but the other may remain symptomatic. The different outcomes occur because every patient is unique. Patient A may have one infection, but Patient B may have the same infection and a co-infection or a parasite.
In the absence of highly specific and quantitative testing results, the differences between Patient A and Patient B are obscured.
Personalized medicine offers clarity. Every patient is viewed individually. Testing targets the underlying causes of patient complaints. Results allow practitioners to tailor treatment that includes information about the patient’s antibiotic resistance genes, virulence factors, and genomics.
Personalized medicine is not a one-size-fits-all treatment paradigm. It is precision medicine at its best and is the future of all medicine.